warehouse design and layout

A warehouse is the core of the logistics and supply chain. They receive materials, store products, and fulfil orders. Warehouse design and internal and external layout are super important. They affect how well businesses work and succeed. In this article, we’ll talk about warehouse design and different layouts. We’ll also give you some helpful tips to make your warehouse work better.

Efficient warehouse design and layout are pivotal for a variety of reasons. Warehouse design isn’t about setting up shelves and racks. It’s about organizing space, processes, and resources for a smooth flow of materials and products. Every layout has its benefits and is best for certain business needs. We’ll help you choose the right one for your operation. 

After reading this article, you’ll know how to set up your warehouse for success.


Types of Warehouse Design and Layout

When planning a warehouse, you can choose from different layouts, each with benefits for specific tasks. Choosing the right warehouse design is essential for maximising your storage space and improving efficiency. Let’s delve deeper into the various types of warehouse layout designs:

U-Shaped Design


u shaped design warehouse

(Source: Bigrentz)


The U-shaped warehouse design looks like a U or horseshoe inside the building. This layout is great for businesses that want materials to move. Some key features of U-shaped designs include:

  • Efficient Flow: The U-shaped layout makes it shorter for materials to move around, which reduces congestion and traffic jams in the warehouse. This is especially valuable for operations with high volumes of goods moving in and out.
  • Streamlined Processes: With a U-shaped layout, you make a clear path for goods, making picking, packing, and shipping easier and more efficient. This design promotes a logical sequence of operations.
  • Optimized Space: The design allows for efficient use of available space. The central area within the U can be used for various purposes, such as staging and sorting, making the most of the square footage.

I-Shaped Design


i shaped design warehouse

(Source: Bigrentz)


In contrast to the U-shaped layout, the I-shaped warehouse design is linear, featuring a single corridor with storage on either side. This layout best suits businesses that focus on simplicity and straightforward navigation. Key aspects of I-shaped layouts include:

  • Straightforward Layout: The I-shaped design works well for long and narrow warehouses. It’s also good when a single corridor is enough for operations. It simplifies navigation and is easy to understand for both staff and visitors.
  • Clear Aisles: Ensure the aisle space is well-organized and easy to access, with storage on both sides of the central corridor. Proper racking and shelving systems are key to maximizing the limited space.
  • Efficient Flow: An I-shaped layout promotes a linear flow of goods, making it suitable for businesses with continuous and consistent inventory movement.

L-Shaped Design


l shaped design warehouse

(Source: Bigrentz)


The L-shaped efficient warehouse layout design consists of two adjacent corridors intersecting at a right angle, forming an L shape within the facility. This layout is versatile and offers good visibility and accessibility. Some characteristics of L-shaped layouts include:

  • Versatility: L-shaped designs are adaptable to various building shapes and sizes. This versatility makes them popular for larger warehouses with diverse storage needs.
  • Visibility: The right-angle intersection of the corridors provides excellent visibility, which can help manage inventory, locate items, and ensure safety in the warehouse.
  • Efficient Zoning: The L-shaped layout allows for effective zoning, which means you can dedicate specific areas to different functions like storage, packing, and order picking. This separation can improve the flow and organization of operations.


Five Tips for Effective Warehouse Design and Layout


effective warehouse design and layout


Space Out the Loading and Unloading Area

Efficiently managing the loading and unloading area is vital for your warehouse’s flow of materials. Here are some warehouse layout considerations:

  • Location Matters: Place the loading and unloading zones near the shipping and receiving doors. This minimizes the distance goods need to travel and reduces the chances of congestion.
  • Well-defined zones: Mark loading and unloading areas with floor markings and signage. Choose specific areas for different types of shipments (inbound, outbound, etc.), and ensure employees are aware of these zones.
  • Efficient Handling Equipment: Invest in appropriate material handling equipment such as forklifts, pallet jacks, pallet racks, and conveyors to hurry the movement of goods. Maintain and service this equipment to prevent breakdowns and delays.
  • Safety Measures: Put in place safety measures, including safety barriers, proper lighting, and training for employees working in these areas. Safety is paramount, and a safe working environment prevents accidents and ensures a smoother workflow.

Separate the Reception Area

The reception area is where incoming shipments are processed. Keeping it separate from the main storage and picking zones is essential for efficient warehouse operations:

  • Incoming Inspection: Ensure a dedicated space for inspecting and verifying incoming goods. This area should be equipped with tools and technology for checking the quality and quantity of received items.
  • Temporary Storage: If there are delays in processing incoming goods, have a designated temporary storage area. This prevents incoming shipments from blocking the path of outbound shipments and maintains a smooth workflow.
  • Paperwork and Documentation: Set up a workstation for paperwork and documentation. Having a specific area for this task helps in keeping records organized and prevents paperwork from cluttering other workstations.

Organize the Storage Areas

An organized storage area is essential for maximizing sufficient space and ensuring easy product access. Here’s how to achieve this:

  • Efficient Racking Systems: Invest in the right type of racking systems that optimize vertical space and allow for efficient use of cubic storage. Consider adjustable racks that can adapt to your evolving storage capacity needs.
  • Aisle Space: Maintain clear, wide aisles for easy navigation. Adequate ample space is essential for the safe movement of employees and equipment and quick product access.
  • Product Grouping: Group similar products to create zones for specific product categories. This not only streamlines the picking process but also helps in inventory management and stock rotation.
  • Inventory Management Systems: Implement an advanced warehouse management system to track stock levels, manage replenishments, and optimize storage and space utilization. Real-time data and analytics can help in making informed decisions about storage allocation.

Create a Separate Picking Area

Efficient order picking is crucial for timely and accurate order fulfilment. Here’s how to create an effective picking area:

  • Logical Shelving and Racks: Arrange shelves and racks logically, placing frequently picked items at easily accessible heights. Use bins, totes, or carton flow systems to facilitate efficient picking.
  • Pick Paths: Designate clear pick paths and use signage to guide pickers. Minimize the distance and steps involved in picking items, and organize the layout to reduce the chances of congestion or bottlenecks.
  • Technology Integration: Consider implementing barcode scanners or RFID systems for accurate and efficient picking. These technologies reduce errors and improve order accuracy.
  • Batch Picking: If applicable, use batch-picking strategies to consolidate orders and reduce the number of trips pickers must make through the warehouse. This improves productivity and reduces labour costs.

Adjust the Shipping and Packing Area

The shipping and packing area is where the final stages of order processing occur. To make this area more efficient:

  • Optimize Packing Stations: Create well-organized packing stations with all the necessary materials and equipment. Ensure that packing stations are ergonomically designed to reduce packing times and prevent errors.
  • Quality Control: Implement quality control measures in the packing area to catch discrepancies or errors before products are shipped to customers. This includes checking items for accuracy, condition, and proper packaging.
  • Shipping Schedule: Establish a regular shipping schedule to maintain a predictable workflow. Coordination with carriers or transport services is essential to ensure timely pickups and deliveries.
  • Packaging Materials: Maintain a stock of various packaging materials, including boxes, padding, and labels. Having a well-stocked inventory of these materials prevents last-minute delays due to shortages.



Warehouse design and layout are fundamental to optimizing operational efficiency and customer satisfaction. By choosing the right design type for your rack system warehouse and following these five tips, you can create an organized and efficient warehouse space that will contribute to the success of your business. Get in touch with EMTS Group today, and let’s begin the exciting journey of transforming your warehouse into a high-performing space that maximizes efficiency and productivity. Remember that the specific design and layout should align with your unique business needs and goals, so always tailor your warehouse setup.

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